Vietnamese people community includes 54 different ethnics, in which, Kinh ethnic, also known as “Vietnamese people” accounted for nearly 90% of the population of Vietnam. Kinh people are distributed throughout 61 provinces and cities, but mostly they live in plain and urban areas. As residents have longstanding indigenous origin and development from primitive times, Kinh’s ancestry has definitely settled in the Northern and North Central areas. During the history of Vietnam, Kinh people always are pioneer in calling other groups of people for building and protecting the country.
Economy of Kinh people – Thousands years of development
When it comes to economy, since Kinh people emerged from a primitive life, they discovered metals, processed working tools made of iron and utensils made of copper. Since then, Kinh people have created an ancient Vietnamese civilization, taking agriculture as the leading industry of the country and successfully exploited the fertile plains. Along with agriculture, Kinh people also have make a lot of traditional crafts, needed goods for life, housing as well as facilities for living. Kinh’s economy is considered as representative economy of Vietnam, that is the economy of agriculture combined with traditional handicrafts.
Regarding society, after no longer living in the caves, Kinh people have created another place to settle called “village”. Each village has a temple for every to come and worship. About housing, houses of Kinh people usually have 3 or 5 parts, central of the house is the most solemn part where family’s altar is put.
Kinh is one of ethnics which has reached level of brilliant civilization of all time. In all kinds of cultures which are material culture, spiritual culture and behavioral culture, Kinh people always create the identities for themselves, acquire selective advantages from other civilizations to enrich their culture. Just taking religious culture as an example. Vietnam has the veneration of the dead and acquired many religions such as: Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Catholicism, and so on. All of penetrated cultures were modified to be suitable with people’s life, expressing rich and diverse culture.
In culture, the literary and art creation from traditional to modern are also very typical feature of Kinh people. In which, folk literature and art have variety of genres: fairy tales, folk songs, proverbs, so on. which reflect all aspects of people’s life. Thanks to the great contribution of folk literature, national identity has been preserved for a long time. In addition, literature has gained great achievements in the Ly-Tran period and especially after the fifteenth century with many genius writers, for instance: Nguyen Trai, Nguyen Du, Ho Xuan Huong. The arts such as fine art, music, drama also were highly developed and were professionalized.