Explore Vietnamese culture through Hani ethnic’s customs

Living places and career

Hani ethnic (in Vietnamese: dân tộc Hà Nhì) is one of 54 Vietnamese ethnics, one of few ethnics which represents diverse Vietnamese culture of Sino-Tibetan cultural language group in Vietnam. Hani people mostly reside in Vietnam – China and Vietnam – Laos borders which belong to Bat Xat district (in Lao Cai province), Muong Te district (in Lai Chau province).

Daily works of Hani women
Daily works of Hani women

 

For a long time, Hani people have been knowing how to rice farming on terraced fields. They are good at creating rice plots on steep mountain slopes with the dexterity drains. Livestock breeding also were developed, Hani people usually graze the cattle freely. For example, people can easily see hundreds of buffaloes are grazed in the forest. Besides, handicraft weaving and knitting are quite developed, especially gathering is a significant job in daily life of Hani people.

Special Hani’s culture contributed for diversity of Vietnamese culture

Similar to other Vietnamese people such as Cham people, Hani people live in villages where there are many families, some villages have over 50-60 families. Hani’s houses were built consistently with the thickness of the wall is 40-60 centimeters. In each village, people live into community and they help each other in all aspects.

Hani people in traditional red custume
Hani people in traditional red custume

 

Different areas have different marriage custom, however they have a thing in common that is the men and women can be dating without restriction. Interestingly, in Bat Xat area, the wedding is organized twice, the first wedding is held to take the bride to the husband’s family. Some time later, when the couple are wealthy enough, the second wedding party will be organized. Ironically, some couples cannot organize the second wedding until they die.

Regarding births, Hani’s women give births while they are standing. There is a signal of the hat upper pole in front of main door that is used for knowing a family has newborn, when the pole is on the right hand side, the newborn is a girl and left hand side of the pole indicates a new boy. About burial custom, the grave is decided by throwing an egg, the grave will be located in where the egg is broken. Hani people rarely bury the dead man in raining season.

Hani people are playing their traditional musical instruments
Hani people are playing their traditional musical instruments

 

Hani people has rich art treasures such as various types of fiction, fairy tales, epics, folk, idioms and so on. Folk songs, traditional dance are 2 popular forms of art that are favorited in every generation.


 

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